Endemic Species of Australia You Probably Didn’t Meet

Australia is home to some of the most amazing species on the planet. The country’s diverse fauna is due to the country’s diverse environments, which include deserts, swamps, reefs, bushlands, rainforests, and mountains. Furthermore, Australia’s geographical isolation from the rest of the globe has resulted in a large number of endemic species, or species that only exist in one area.

An overview of Australian animals must focus especially on marsupials.  They’re interesting species, and Australia is home to over 70% of the world’s marsupial species. The fact that most marsupials hold their young in a pouch is their most unique characteristic. Kangaroos, wallabies, koalas, and wombats are some of the more well-known marsupials; we’ll go over some of them later in this article.

It’s difficult to choose just a few of the magnificent Australian animals. There are no snakes or lizards, and even birds aren’t included—all it’s about furry faces and fluffy ears!

Wombat

Wombats are sturdy small marsupials that grow to be around 40 inches long. They can adapt to a wide range of environments and may be found in the highlands, woods, and fields in south-eastern Australia.

Wombats have strong claws and sharp teeth, despite their cuddly appearance. They eat mainly at night and prefer to stay in their burrows during the day.

It would be a mistake to ignore a recent finding involving wombat droppings because breaking wombat news is unusual. Wombats poop in cubes, which is a weird fact! Research has revealed that wombats’ intestines are strangely shaped, with two narrow grooves that help in the formation of square pellets.

Koala

Koalas, sometimes known as “koala bears,” are not actually bears. The wombat is the closest surviving relative of the koala, a tree-dwelling marsupial. They dwell along Australia’s eastern and southern coasts.

The body of a koala is plump and tailless, and its large ears and long nose look to be a bit too big for its head, giving it a funny appearance.

Koalas nearly exclusively consume eucalyptus leaves, and because the plant matter has so few nutrients, they spend the majority of their time resting.

Bandicot

The bandicoot, a tiny marsupial found on the Australian continent and nearby islands, has nearly 20 species. Although it resembles a rat, the bandicoot is genetically more related to a rabbit.

Because of their small size, bandicoots like to reside in areas with a lot of hiding spots, such as woodlands and swamps.

Bandicoots are omnivores who emerge from the undergrowth at night to search on insects, small rodents, fruits, berries, and nuts after lurking all day.

Platipus

The platypus is a monotreme, a sort of mammal that lays eggs rather than giving birth to live young, and it’s one of Australia’s, if not the world’s, strangest-looking animals.

A platypus is a creature with the beak of a duck, the tail of a beaver, and the feet of an otter. When scientists first inspected a preserved platypus body in 1799, they declared it a hoax, stating that someone had sewed the body parts of many distinct creatures together!

Platypuses are semiaquatic animals having water-resistant hair that allows them to spend a lot of time in the water. They’re also one of the few poisonous mammals, with males having a spur on their hind foot that can deliver a potent venom capable of killing small animals and inflicting severe damage on people.

Echidna

Apart from the platypus, the only surviving monotreme is the echidna, an egg-laying mammal.
While they are known as “spiny anteaters” and do eat ants, echidnas are not related to the anteaters that reside in the north and south of Australia.

Kangaroo

The kangaroo is a marsupial that has thrived in Australia, with an estimated 35 million roaming the land, brutally oppressing the human population.

Kangaroos employ hopping as their primary mode of transportation due to their large, muscular hind legs and enormous feet. Kangaroos are the only large animals that can hop, which is a very energy efficient form of movement. Perhaps this is owing to their habitat’s harsh environment and the necessity to save energy in an area where food and water are rare.